Create a deploy user

The installer by default connects as the root user only to create a deploy user. This deploy user is the one who installs all libraries. If you do not have root access, please ask your system administrator to follow these instructions to create a user manually.

You could create a user called deploy or any other name. As as example, we are going to create a user named jupiter.

adduser jupiter

I'm using jupiter as the user name, you should change that for whatever makes sense to you. Input a password when prompted, and just leave empty the rest of the options.

Let's create a wheel group and add the user jupiter to this group.

sudo groupadd wheel
sudo usermod -a -G wheel jupiter

Now let's give sudo privileges to the wheel group and allow it to not use a password, this is important so that the installer doesn't get stalled waiting for a password.

First we open the sudoers file:

sudo visudo -f /etc/sudoers

And we add this line at the end:


Now we need to give the keys of the server to the new user. Don’t close the server terminal window, because you can lock yourself out of your server if there is a mistake.

Let's create the necessary directory in the server to upload the public key:

su jupiter
cd ~
mkdir .ssh
cd .ssh
nano authorized_keys

Make sure you have generated a public key in your local terminal.

Open another local terminal window (not in the server) and type:

cat ~/.ssh/

Copy the content of your public key to the file authorized_keys that should still be open in the server.

Test that your user can log in by typing:

ssh jupiter@your-copied-ip-address

You should see the server welcome page and a prompt like this:


Note the username at the prompt is not "root", but your username. So everything is fine and we can now block the root account from outside access and also stop allowing password access so only people with SSH keys can log in.

Type the following command to edit the SSH config file of the server:

sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Look for the "PasswordAuthentication yes" line and change it to "PasswordAuthentication no". Type Control-K to close the nano editor and type:

sudo service ssh restart

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